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What is organic farming? Know here the benefits of organic farming

In the present time, the method of farming has completely changed, and the main reason for this is the increasing population. Because of this, emphasis is being laid on producing more food. Due to this more and more chemicals are being used in agriculture. People are forgetting about organic farming. Because of this, we are not getting pure food. Our food is also getting contaminated due to the use of more chemicals. Whereas organic farming is an ancient method that maintains the natural nature of the land and gives us pure food without chemicals. Biosoilz

What is organic farming?

Organic farming maintains the purity of the environment. Chemical pesticides are not used in organic farming, in this type of farming, the elements which are found in nature are used as pesticides in farming. In organic farming, nutrients are provided to the plants in the form of pesticides, dung manure, compost, bacterial manure, crop residues, and minerals available in nature like rock phosphate, gypsum, etc. In organic farming, the crop is protected from harmful bacteria by the bacteria available in nature, friend kit, and organic insecticide.

Need for organic farming

For the last several years, there is a lot of loss in agriculture, mainly due to the use of harmful pesticides. The cost is also increasing in this. Changes are also taking place in the natural nature of the land, which can be very damaging. Due to chemical farming, there has been a great decline in the health of nature and human beings. Half of the farmers’ produce goes to their fertilizers and pesticides. If the farmer wants to earn more profit or profit in farming, then he should move towards organic farming. A lot of food and drink is grown in agriculture, which we use. Many minerals like zinc and iron are present in these foods which are very beneficial for our health. These foods lose their quality due to the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, which has a bad effect on our body. The use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides is losing the fertility of the land. It is very harmful to the land and the food items prepared from it are having a bad effect on the health of humans and animals. The use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides significantly reduced the fertility of the soil. Due to this, the balance of nutrients in the soil is disturbed. In view of this depleting soil’s fertilizing capacity, the use of organic manure has become necessary.

Importance of organic farming:

The United Nations Report on the Right to Food, 2017 states that agroecology is capable of producing sufficient yields to provide food and ensure proper nutrition for the entire population of the world. There are many such examples where villages are bringing transformation in rural life by moving towards organic farming and successful experiments of organic farming are being done in cities too.

Looking at these achievements without government assistance, it can be imagined that a large number of farmers can get benefit if the state’s cooperation is received in this. Although the Government of India is encouraging people to promote organic farming, but this encouragement should be at the subsidized and economic level along with publicity and awareness. India subsidizes fertilizers in large quantities. This subsidy has increased from Rs 60 crore in 1976-77 to Rs 75,000 crore at present. One of India’s biggest economic burdens has been the central subsidies paid for synthetic fertilizers. In comparison, the organic sector gets a subsidy of only Rs 500 crore, in addition, there is a very limited area under the Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) and the Organic Value Chain Development Campaign for the North-Eastern region. There are only 23.02 million hectares of land under organic farming, which is only 1.27 percent of the total cultivable land (181.95 million hectares) in India.

Principles of organic farming

There are four principles of organic farming.

The first principle is no-tillage in the fields. That is, neither plowing in them nor turning the soil. The earth does its own plowing naturally through the penetration of plant roots and through earthworms and small animals, and micro-organisms.

The second principle is that no compost or chemical fertilizers of any kind should be used.

The third principle is that weeding should not be done. Neither by plows nor by the use of herbicides. Weeds play a major role in balancing soil fertility, the basic principle being that weeds should be controlled rather than eliminated completely.

The fourth principle is not to depend on chemicals at all. The problems of disease and pest imbalance began to arise in the fields from the time the weak plants started growing due to wrong practices like tillage and the use of fertilizers. By not tampering, the balance of nature remains perfect.

Benefits of organic farming:

Benefits from farmers’ point of view

  • The fertility of the land increases.
  • The irrigation interval is increased.
  • Reduced dependence on chemical fertilizers leads to cost reduction.
  • The productivity of crops would increase.
  • As organic products become more popular on the market, farmers’ incomes rise as well.

From the point of view of soil

  • Land quality is improved by using organic manure.
  • There is an increase in the capacity of the land to hold water.
  • There is less evaporation of water from the land.

Environmentally

If you liked this article, then definitely pass it on to other farmers. With this, they can also get complete information about organic farming. With this, definitely share this article on Facebook, WhatsApp, Twitter, and other social media.

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